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Top Ten Richest Men – 2010

Mukesh Ambani is ranked fourth among the World’s top 10 billionaires by the Forbes Magazine with total assets worth $29 billion followed by another Indian, steel tycoon L N Mittal, who ranked fifth with a total value of $28.7 billion.

The Forbes Billionaires list for 2010 has witnessed Mexican Carlo Slim surpassing Bill Gates and Warrant Buffett to be the richest man on the earth. Slim’s total worth rose $18.5 billion during the year to an estimated $53.5 billion, the Forbes Magazine said. Gates remained second with a fortune of $53 billion.

Apart from Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani and Head of ArcelorMittal L N Mittal, there were four other Indian tycoons in the top 50 list and 49 others in the complete list of 1,011 billionaires.

The four Indian businessmen, besides Ambani and Mittal, in the top 50 list are Azim Premji (ranked: 28, worth: $17 billion), Sashi Ruia and Ravi Ruia (ranked: 40, worth: $13 billion), and Savitri Jindal (ranked: 44, worth: $12.2 billion).

DLF’s K P Singh (74), Aditya Birla Group’s Kumar Mangalam Birla (86) and Bharti Airtel’s Head Sunil Mittal (87) are the other Indians who are among the top 100 wealthy in India.

Top Ten Richest Men - 2010

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Top 10 Richest Person In The World 2009

Do you know who is the richest person in the world ?……….

William Gates III

Rank: 1 Net Worth: $40.0 bil, Fortune: self made

William Gates

Software visionary regains title as the world’s richest man despite losing $18 billion in the past 12 months. Stepped down from day-to-day duties at Microsoft last summer to devote his talents and riches to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Organization’s assets were $30 billion in January; annual letter lauds endowment manager Michael Larson for limiting last year’s losses to 20%. Gates decided to increase donations in 2009 to $3.8 billion, up 15% from 2008. Dedicated to fighting hunger in developing countries, improving education in America’s high schools and developing vaccines against malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS. Appointed Microsoft Office veteran Jeffrey Raikes chief exec of Gates Foundation in September. Gates remains Microsoft chairman. Sells shares each quarter, redeploys proceeds via investment vehicle Cascade; more than half of fortune invested outside Microsoft. Stock down 45% in past 12 months. “Creative capitalist” wants companies to match profit making with doing good.

Warren Buffett

Rank: 2 Net Worth: $37.0 bil, Fortune: self made

Warren Buffett

Last year America’s most beloved investor was the world’s richest man . This year he has to settle for second place after losing $25 billion in 12 months. Shares of Berkshire Hathaway down 45% since last March. Injected billions of dollars into Goldman Sachs, GE in exchange for preferred stock last fall; propped up insurance firm Swiss Re in February with $2.6 billion infusion. Admits he made some “dumb” investment mistakes in 2008. Upbeat about America’s future: “Our economic system has worked extraordinarily well over time. It has unleashed human potential as no other system has, and it will continue to do so.” Scoffs at Wall Street’s over-reliance on “history-based” models: “If merely looking up past financial data would tell you what the future holds, the Forbes 400 would consist of librarians.” Son of Nebraska politician delivered newspapers as a boy. Filed first tax return at age 13, claiming $35 deduction for bicycle. Studied under value investing guru Benjamin Graham at Columbia. Took over textile firm Berkshire Hathaway 1965. Today holding company invested in insurance (Geico, General Re), jewelry (Borsheim’s), utilities (MidAmerican Energy), food (Dairy Queen, See’s Candies). Also has non-controlling stakes in Anheuser-Busch, Coca-Cola, Wells Fargo.

Carlos Slim Helu & family

Rank: 3 Net Worth: $35.0 bil, Fortune: self made

Carlos Slim Helu


Economic downturn and plunging peso shaved $25 billion from the fortune of Latin America’s richest man. Global recession testing his ability to live up to the principles he sets for his employees: “Maintain austerity in times of fat cows.” Son of a Lebanese immigrant bought fixed line operator Telefonos de Mexico (Telmex) in 1990; now controls 90% of Mexico’s telephone landlines. Would be a billionaire based on his dividends alone. Biggest holding: $16 billion stake in America Movil, Latin America’s largest mobile phone company with 173 million customers. America Movil and Telmex reportedly planning to jointly invest $4 billion to bolster telecom infrastructure in Latin America. Buying up cheap media, energy and retail assets. Last year took stakes in New York Times Co., former billionaire Anthony O’Reilly’s Independent News & Media and Bronco Drilling; also increased position in Saks. Baseball statistics aficionado, art collector

Lawrence Ellison

Rank: 4 Net Worth: $22.5 bil, Fortune: self made

Lawrence Ellison

Database titan continues to engulf the competition; Oracle has racked up 49 acquisitions in the past 4 years. Bought BEA Systems for $8.5 billion last year. Still sitting on $7 billion in cash. Revenues up 11% to $10.9 billion in the six months ended November 30; profits also up 11% to $2.4 billion. Stock down 25% in past 12 months. Invested $125 million in Web software outfit Netsuite; took public in 2007, stock has fallen 80% since. His shares still worth $300 million. Chicago native studied physics at U. of Chicago, didn’t graduate. Started Oracle in 1977. Public 1986, a day before Microsoft. Owns 453-foot Rising Sun; built a smaller leisure boat because superyacht is hard to park. Squabbling in court with Swiss boating billionaire Ernesto Bertarelli over terms of next America’s Cup. Recently unveiled hulking 90-foot trimaran he intends to use to win it.

Ingvar Kamprad & family

Rank: 5 Net Worth: $22.0 bil, Fortune: self made

Ingvar Kamprad


Peddled matches, fish, pens, Christmas cards and other items by bicycle as a teenager. Started selling furniture in 1947. Opened first Ikea store 50 years ago; stores’s name is a combination of initials of his first and last name, his family farm and the nearest village. Retired in 1986; company’s “senior adviser” still reportedly works tirelessly on his brand. Discount retailer now sells 9,500 items in 36 countries; prints catalog in 27 languages. Revenues up 7% to $27.4 billion in fiscal year 2008. Opened tenth store in China this February; planning to open first in Dominican Republic later this year. Three sons all work at the company. Thrifty entrepreneur flies economy class, frequents cheap restaurants and furnishes his home mostly with Ikea products.

Karl Albrecht

Rank: 6 Net Worth: $21.5 bil, Fortune:self made
Source:Aldi , Age:89, Country Of Citizenship:Germany,Residence:Mulheim an der Ruhr
Industry:Retail.

Karl Albrecht

Germany’s richest person owns discount supermarket giant Aldi Sud. Retailer faring well amid economic downturn; analysts expect its 2008 sales to be up 9.4% to $33.7 billion. Sales in the U.S. up estimated 20% last year to $7 billion. Plans to open 75 U.S. stores in 2009, including first in New York City. With younger brother, Theo, transformed their mother’s corner grocery store into Aldi after World War II. Brothers split ownership in 1961; Karl took the stores in southern Germany, plus the rights to the brand in the U.K., Australia and the U.S. Theo got northern Germany and the rest of Europe. Retired from daily operations. Fiercely private: little known about him other than that he apparently raises orchids and plays golf.

Mukesh Ambani
Rank: 7 Net Worth: $19.5 bil, Fortune: inherited and growing

Mukesh Ambani

Oversees Reliance Industries, India’s most valuable company by market cap despite stock falling 40% in past year. Merging his Reliance Petroleum with flagship Reliance Industries. As part of deal, will exercise right to buy back Chevron’s 5% stake in Reliance Petroleum at $1.20 per share—the same price at which he sold it 3 years ago. Today the stock trades for $1.80 a share. Increased stake in Reliance Industries in October; paid $3.4 billion to convert 120 million preferential warrants into shares. Reliance Petroleum refinery on India’s western coast began operating in December despite falling global demand and declining margins. Late father Dhirubhai founded Reliance and built it into a massive conglomerate. After he died Mukesh and his brother, Anil, ran the family business together for a brief time. But siblings feuded over control; mother eventually brokered split of assets. Brothers may be looking to bury hatchet; played joint hosts at mother’s recent 75th-birthday bash. Has yet to move into his 27-story home that he’s building at a reported cost of $1 billion. Ardent fan of Bollywood films. Wife, Nita, oversees school named after his father.

Lakshmi Mittal
Rank: 8 Net Worth: $19.3 bil, Fortune: inherited and growing

Lakshmi Mittal


Indian immigrant heads world’s largest steel company; ArcelorMittal was formed via hostile takeover 3 years ago. Stock in company makes up bulk of his fortune; shares at a 4-year low with steel prices down 75% since last summer. Company forced to pay heavy fines after a French antitrust investigation found 10 companies guilty of price-fixing in European steel markets. Arcelor posted $2.6 billion loss in most recent quarter; announced plans to slow acquisitions, cut capital expenditures, pay down debt. Started in family steel business in the 1970s, branched out on his own in 1994. Initially bought up steel mills on the cheap in Eastern Europe. Company bought 19.9% stake in Australia’s Macarthur Coal last year. Also owns pieces of Mumbai’s Indiabulls Group, London’s RAB Capital; owns stake in, sits on board of Goldman Sachs. Holds substantial cash; owns 12-bedroom mansion in London’s posh Kensington neighborhood.

Theo Albrecht
Rank: 9 Net Worth:Net Worth:$18.8 bil, Fortune:self made
Source:Aldi, Trader Joe’s, Age:87, Country Of Citizenship:Germany
Residence:Foehr, Industry:Retail

Theo Albrecht

Runs discount supermarket group Aldi Nord; firm holding up amid economic downturn. Sales expected to hit $31 billion in 2008. After World War II he and older brother Karl transformed their mother’s corner grocery into Aldi. Brothers split ownership in 1961; Karl took the stores in southern Germany, plus the rights to the brand in the U.K., Australia and the U.S. Theo got the northern Germany stores and the rest of Europe. Unable to operate Aldi stores in U.S., Theo developed discount food store Trader Joe’s; now has more than 320 U.S. stores. Also owns stake in Supervalu. Became a recluse after being kidnapped for 17 days in 1971; said to collect old typewriters; loves golf.

Amancio Ortega
Rank: 10, Net Worth: $18.3 bil ,Fortune: self made

Amancio Ortega

Railway worker’s son started as a gofer in a shirt store. With then-wife Rosalia Mera, also now a billionaire, started making dressing gowns and lingerie in their living room. Business became one of world’s most successful apparel manufacturers. Today Inditex has more than 4,000 stores in 71 countries. Sales: $12.3 billion. Ortega is chairman. Company exported its cheap chic Zara stores to 4 new markets last year: Ukraine, South Korea, Montenegro and Honduras. Stock up 1% in past 12 months, but fortune down because of weak euro. Also has personal investments in gas, tourism, banks and real estate. Owns properties in Madrid, Paris, London, Lisbon, plus a luxury hotel and apartment complex in Miami, a horse-jumping circuit, and an interest in a soccer league. Shuns neckties and fanfare. Daughter Marta works for Inditex; recent speculation suggests she is being groomed to eventually replace her father.

More on The World’s Billionaires

The Journey Starts!

By Daiyar Chiinggisi

We were warmly welcomed after landing on Chiinggis Khan International Airport at 9pm (local time) on Thursday. As we came out of the airport, before fully breathing the fresh air of Ulaanbaatur, Mongol friends of Tsahim Urutuu was there with bouquets of flower. The crew of NTV (of Mongolia) flashed the light asking “Welcome to Mongolia, the Hazara Mongols, How do you feel?”. “Exciting and overwhelmed to be in our ancestral land, feeling myself as part of a history-in-making” the first sentence I had for the camera. After a short interview outside the airport lounge, the Mongol friends took us to our dormitory at the National University of Mongolia, downtown Ulaanbaatur.

The next day we went to Sukhbataar Square, the Zero Point of Mongolia, the historic place near the Parliament of Mongolia. We paid a visit to the giant statue of the Great Khan, in front of the National Assembly.

Parliament of Mongolia, Sukhbataar Square, Ulaanbaatur. The giant statue of the Great Khan is built at the gate of the Assembly. (Photo by Daiyar)

Parliament of Mongolia, Sukhbataar Square, Ulaanbaatur. The giant statue of the Great Khan is built at the gate of the Assembly. (Photo by Daiyar)


It was incredible. Everyone was interested to talk to us. The news of our arrival in Mongolia had gone on-air at night. Our faces were known. On the way while walking to the University for our first class of Mongolian Language, a young boy ran towards us saying “are you the Hazara students”. “Yes”, I said. His exciting face expression seemed as if he has found anything precious. He introduced himself saying he had watched us on TV and was keen to see us. “Please your email address?” he asked and hoped to meet us soon.

First day of the Mongolian class at the University was memorable. Every teacher knew us “the Hazara Mongols”. Our class fellows are mostly Koreans, Chinese and Westerners. While learning the Mongolian alphabets on the first day, the sounds seemed familiar to us. It was normal for me when the teacher said, “your pronunciation is good”. The basic similarities of Hazaragi and Mongolia make it so.

On Saturday, second day of our arrival, we went to the countryside. It’s said the real beauty of Mongolia is in the countryside. Taking about an hour of drive, we reached the resort of Mongolian Airlines. As we moved out of Ulaanbaatur, the green mountains and beautiful landscapes were just amazing.

That day will remain as one of the happiest ones in my life. We had the most delicious Mongol food in a traditional “ger”, followed by a drink party and traditional Mongol song by a local singer. I was asked to sing a Hazaragi song. I had no choice but the “Mughul Dukhter (Mongol Girl)…Biya Nazuk Mughul e Ma”.

Outing to the countryside.

Outing to the countryside.


In the party, we met a Mongol linguist. He interviewed us on Hazaragi. He could not believe it, when knew that back-lower shoulder is called “Dalu” in Hazaragi, which is the exact same in Mongolian. He noted down many words which were the exact same in Hazaragi and Mongolian. Even more was interesting when he asked us some technical questions. For instance, to make plural some nouns he had asked us. He said the grammar rule of pluralizing in Hazaragi is similar with Mongolian. He invited us to come to his linguistic class at the Education University of Mongolia next week and talk to students researching Mongolian.

The weather is fine nowadays, sunny and cool. Generally it’s harshly cold in winter in Mongolia. The temperature goes to -35. Unlike many other foreigners (though I don’t like to use this word for us in Mongolia, because we are treated as domestic Mongols), we are okay with food here. Mongols take heavy meal, mostly meat all the time!

I had not expected at all such a warm attitude from our Mongol ethnic fellows. I feel proud to be in our ancestral land.

Amazing facts, Do you know these?

Do you know these facts?
1. If you are right handed, you will tend to chew your food on your right side. If you are left handed, you will tend to chew your food on your left side.
2. If you stop getting thirsty, you need to drink more water. For when a human body is dehydrated, its thirst mechanism shuts off.
3. Chewing gum while peeling onions will keep you from crying.
4. Your tongue is germ free only if it is pink. If it is white there is a thin film of bacteria on it.
5. The Mercedes-Benz motto is ‘Das Beste oder Nichts’ meaning ‘the best or nothing’.
6. The Titanic was the first ship to use the SOS signal.
7. The pupil of the eye expands as much as 45 percent when a person looks at something pleasing.
8. The average person who stops smoking requires one hour less sleep at night.
9. Laughing lower levels of stress hormones and strengthen the immune system. Six-year-olds laugh an average of 300 times a day. Adults only laugh 15 to 100 times a day.
10. The roar that we hear when we place a seashell next to our ear is not the ocean, but rather the sound of blood surging through the veins in the ear.
11. Dalmatians are born without spots.
12. Bats always turn left when exiting a cave.
13. The ‘v’ in the name of a court case does not stand for ‘versus’, but for ‘and’ (in civil proceedings) or ‘against’ (in criminal proceedings).
14. Men’s shirts have the buttons on the right, but women’s shirts have the buttons on the left.
15. The owl is the only bird to drop its upper eyelid to wink. All other birds raise their lower eyelids.
16. The reason honey is so easy to digest is that it’s already been digested by a bee.
17. Roosters cannot crow if they cannot extend their necks.
18. The color blue has a calming effect. It causes the brain to release calming hormones.
19. Every time you sneeze some of your brain cells die.
20. Your left lung is smaller than your right lung to make room for your heart.
21. The verb “cleave” is the only English word with two synonyms which are antonyms of each other: adhere and separate.
22. When you blush, the lining of your stomach also turns red.
23. When hippos are upset, their sweat turns red.
24. The first Harley Davidson motorcycle was built in 1903, and used a tomato can for a carburetor.
25. The lion that roars in the MGM logo is named Volney.
26. Google is actually the common name for a number with a million zeros.
27. Switching letters is called spoonerism. For example, saying jag of Flapan, instead of flag of Japan.
28. It cost 7 million dollars to build the Titanic and 200 million to make a film about it.
29. The attachment of the human skin to muscles is what causes dimples
30. There are 1,792 steps to the top of the Eiffel Tower.
31. The sound you hear when you crack your knuckles is actually the sound of nitrogen gas bubbles bursting.
32. Human hair and fingernails continue to grow after death.
33. It takes about 20 seconds for a red blood cell to circle the whole body.
34. The plastic things on the end of shoelaces are called aglets.
35. Most soccer players run 7 miles in a game.
36. The only part of the body that has no blood supply is the cornea in the eye. It takes in oxygen directly from the air.
37. Every day 200 million couples make love, 400,000 babies are born, and 140,000 people die.
38. In most watch advertisements the time displayed on the watch is 10:10 because then the arms frame the brand of the watch (and make it look like it is smiling).
39. Colgate faced big obstacle marketing toothpaste in Spanish speaking countries. Colgate translates into the command “go hang yourself.”
40. The only 2 animals that can see behind themselves without turning its head are the rabbit and the parrot.
41. Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair.
42. The average person laughs 13 times a day.
43. Do you know the names of the three wise monkeys? They are: Mizaru (See no evil), Mikazaru (Hear no evil), and Mazaru (Speak no evil).
44. Women blink nearly twice as much as men.
45. German Shepherds bite humans more than any other breed of dog.
46. Large kangaroos cover more than 30 feet with each jump.
47. Whip makes a cracking sound because its tip moves faster than the speed of sound.
48. Two animal rights protesters were protesting at the cruelty of sending pigs to a slaughterhouse in Bonn. Suddenly the pigs, all two thousand of them, escaped through a broken fence and stampeded, trampling the two hapless protesters to death.
49. If a statue in the park of a person on a horse has both front legs in the air, the person died in battle; if the horse has one front leg in the air, the person died as a result of wounds received in battle; if the horse has all four legs on the ground, the person died of natural cause.
The human heart creates enough pressure while pumping to squirt blood 30 feet

5 Ways to Improve YOUR English without even Trying! for people who speak English as a second language

Learning a second language can be a very stressful and arduous task if you let it. Somehow, the words you learn in the books don’t seem to apply very well to real life situations. Those small and seemingly un-important elements the show a person to be in command of not only the language, but the culture of the people who speak it cannot be adequately expressed by words on paper.

So, how do you learn these little secrets of mastering the ability to articulate yourself in another language?

Here are 5 proven techniques that will help you improve your English without even trying, if you are learning to speak English as a second language. Do they really work? Yes. I’ve tried them myself as I’ve had opportunity to live somewhere where English wasn’t the primary language. I found it to be a fun, exciting, and painless way to learn both the language and the culture. The culture is simply learning the way the natives express their own words. The genuine accent, facial expressions, hand gestures, sighs, moans, groans, laughter, smirks, and other things that go along with everyday conversation.

Regardless of how extensive or not your vocabulary is, if you master the ability to “sound” like you know the language and can speak it, people will be more than generous to assist you.

1. Watch Movies!

Watching movies is always a fun thing to do. In order to get the most out of your movie watching experience, if your vocabulary is limited, watch a movie in English that you are very familiar with in your own language so you always know what’s going on. Try not to translate as you go because you lose blocks of conversation this way. Instead, watch the picture and listen. Hear all the words, but determine what’s going on by the pictures you see and the words you’re hearing that you already know. Believe it or not, other words will sink in too, and so will the accent and everything else that went with what you saw and heard.

As your vocabulary grows, expand your movie selections to other movies you’d like to see but are only available in English. Try to be able to see the film more than once if possible.

According to the location and type of film you intend to view, you will be able to experience different accents, and other cultural expressions of the English language. Pick and choose the things that you think will suit you best. If it doesn’t work out, pick and try something else! Have fun with yourself and your efforts.

2. Watch Soap Operas

The place where extreme expression and limited vocabulary meet! This is such a fascinating way to learn a foreign language. Every accessory that goes with the expression of a word is demonstrated on a soap opera. “Outrage” expressed with a word, facial expression or two, and perhaps even a subsequent face slap, all of that being understandable in any language. “Love”, another universal subject, or violence, good versus evil can all be discerned quickly and easily on a soap opera. Plus, soap operas are naturally designed to allow anyone just tuning in to pick up the story quickly. The characters are easily loveable and deliciously “hate-able” so you turn to it again and again to see what’s going on, and not only improve your English each time, but reinforce what you’ve already learned.

3. Read the Comics/Funny Papers

Very non-stressful! Pictures with words, or words with pictures, however you want to look at it, it’s a great way to learn! For each thought presented there are words that match a picture, and vice versa. It doesn’t matter if you read comic books, or the comics in the Sunday newspaper, read whatever will make you laugh and cause you to enjoy learning at the same time.

4. Read Children’s books

If you know any little kids between the ages of 5-8, try reading one of their books to them. Usually little kids know their favorite books by heart, so if you stumble a little, they’ll be able to help you.

If you enjoy this method of improving your English, and you find yourself to be pretty good at it, then try reading a few Dr. Seuss books. The rhyming will challenge you, but once you master it, your pronunciation of English, and your delivery will have been considerably refined and improved.

5. Take a service job like waiter or waitress; bartender, or sales person.

This type of job can be done if you have a decent vocabulary of verbs, and know how to say “I, we, she, he, they”, etc. The only other thing necessary is a working vocabulary of things relevant to your specific tasks and goals.

For example, as a breakfast waitress, you want to be able to ask if they want their eggs, “scrambled or fried”, if they want “more coffee”, if everything is “alright”, do they want “anything else”, and the total of their bill in their own language!

If you sell real estate, you’ll want to incorporate words like “mortgage, loan, co-sign, 30 year fixed”, etc.

If you sell shoes, you need words like “how does that feel”, are they “too tight, too loose, to short in the toe, to big”, etc.

The longer you work at your job, the more your working vocabulary will improve.

6. Learn these two sentences and you’ll be set for life . . . seriously!

“How do you say (blank)”, in English (Spanish, French, etc.), and “What is that called?” (Point if you have to, and smile too). Smiling is a universal language. Once I learned how to ask these two questions, I was on my way to being conversant in the language of my choice!

I could use my limited vocabulary to ask the question and then when I got my answer I would repeat it a few times to make sure I was saying it correctly, and “BAM” I had a new vocabulary word. And, because I asked my question to the best of my ability in the native tongue, the natives realized my sincere desire to learn, and helped me!

7. What happens if you make a mistake?

Nothing. The world won’t come to an end, and you haven’t embarrassed yourself to the point where you can’t show your face again. Just apologize if that’s what’s called for, or laugh at yourself, make the correction, and count it as a learning experience.

Once I was in a restaurant and I wanted to ask the waiter for a “to go” box, however, I was speaking to my kids in English, and trying to think of what I wanted to ask for in Spanish, and I promptly and incorrectly asked him for a “house to go”. He looked at me kind of funny, but he was very courteous, and didn’t laugh until I laughed.

I’ve committed other language faux pas as well over the years, all of which have been a learning experience, and if given enough time, will become a humorous story as well.

Kim Rogers has lived and worked in the Caribbean, Denmark, and along the Mexican Border. Kim has developed 101 Words that will make You Sound Smarter Right Away! To read more got to http://www.soundsmarternow.com

برخورداري از يك ويژگي ژنتيكي بسيار نادر، پسربچه‌ سه ساله

يك پسر بچه سه ساله به دليل برخورداري از يك صفت ژنتيكي بسيار نادر از چنان قدرتي برخوردار شده كه عنوان «سوپر پسر» را به خود اختصاص داده است.

لیام در هنگام تولد دچار مشکلات زیادی از نظر پزشکی بود . او دارای یک سوراخ کوچک در دیواره فلب خود به همراه اگزما بر روی بدن و بزگی کلیه ها و عدم تحمل به لاکتوز بود . این کودک دارای شکمی سخت بود و در طی روز بارها دچار استفراغ می گردید.

لیام به سرعت بهبود یافت اما نکته ای که والدین او را نگران می کرد اشتهای زیاد این کودک بود . پدرش می گوید او واقعا همیشه گرسنه است .  در واقع هر ساعت احتیاج به تغذیه دارد . مادرش می گوید لیام شش برابر دیگران غذا می خورد !

با گذشت زمان اشتهای کودک نه تنها کاهش نیافت بلکه بیشتر هم شد و نکته مهم و جالب این بود که تمام مواد غذایی در بدن این کودک به ماهیچه تبدیل می شد . در واقع تنها نقطه ای از بدن لیام که دارای چربی است گونه های او است . پزشکان می گویند  متابوليسم بدن این کودک   بسیار بالا است .

لیام در نوزده ماهگی می توانست بر روی دستهای خود شنا برود . و عضلات شکمی او آنچنان تنومند بود که می توانست باعث حسادت هر ورزشکار زیبایی اندام گردد.

پدرش می گوید : ” شما وقتى چنین قدرتی داشته باشید می توانید دنيا را دستخوش تغییر کنید .

دكتر لارسون می گوید : ”  بله این اتفاق شدنی است  براى اينكه او خيلى قوى است شما وقتى كه آن نيروى باورنكردنى را در يك بچه می بینید  آنگاه برای آینده چيزهاى خيلى بيشتر را از او توقع خواهید داشت .  “اين توانايي ژنتيكي خاص به اين پسر بچه كوچك  امكان مي‌دهد كه قدرت عضلاني فوق‌العاده‌اي داشته باشد، به طوري كه مي‌تواند به راحتي اثاثيه و لوازم سنگين را جابه‌جا كند.

محققان علت اين قدرت فوق‌العاده و استثنايي را يك حالت ژنتيكي نادر اعلام كرده‌اند. آنها مي‌گويند ليام احتمالا به حالتي موسوم به «هايپرتراپي ماهيچه‌اي مربوط به ميد ستاتين» دچار است.

در اين وضعيت بدن فرد مقدار بسيار اندكي چربي دارد و در عوض رشته‌هاي ماهيچه‌يي در بدن وي بسيار بزرگ مي‌شوند و اين وضعيت قدرت واقعي و فوق‌العاده‌اي به فرد مي‌دهد.                                                                  اولين بار اين پديده در يك پسر بچه خردسال آلماني در سال ۲۰۰۰ مشاهده شد. ليما ماهيچه‌هاي بسيار قدرتمندي دارد، اما ظاهر وي درست شبيه به يك كودك طبيعي است .

در واقع جثه او كمي از سن خود كوچكتر، اما قدرتش بسيار بيشتر است.

ليام ناچار است به دليل متابوليسم سريع در بدنش دائم غذا بخورد، يعني حداقل بايد در روز شش وعده غذا بخورد تا دچار كمبود كالري نشود.

ليام به دليل قدرت زياد اگر از بلندي بيافتد، آسيبي نمي‌بيند.
پژوهشگران معتقدند با بررسي و شبيه سازي اين حالت مي‌تواند بسياري از بيماريها را معالجه كنند.

پدر ليام می گوید آرزو دارم که رو زی او براى تیم محبوب من یعنی تیم دانشگاه ميشيگان تيم فوتبال بازى كند.

یک مرد جوان ۲۸ ساله اهل کشور روسیه که با احتمال سرطان ریه مورد جرای قرار گرفت از درون بدنش یک گیاه صنوبر که در حال رشد بود خارج گردید

به نقل از  ریانووستی ،  اين موضوع زماني مشخص شد كه «آرتيوم سيروركين» ۲۸ ساله و اهل منطقه اورال تحت عمل جراحي قرار گرفت.

این مرد روس با علائمی همچون خلط خونی سرفه مزمن آزار دهنده به پزشک خود مراجعه نمود .

پزشکان بعد معاینه و انجام آزمایشات تشخیصی احتمال ابتلا به یک سرطان بدخیم مهاجم  ریه را برای او مطرح کردند و  او با این احتمال مورد جراحی قرار گرفت .

پزشکان در هنگام جراحی شوکه شدند زیرا که به جای یک توده سرطانی درون ریه این فرد با یک جوانه ۵ سانتیمتیری از گیاه صنوبر روبرو شدند .

پزشک جراح و تیم همراه او متعلق به منطقه اورال  (Urals)کشور روسیه بوده است .

جراحان و پزشكان منطقه اورال روسيه، طي يك عمل جراحي موفق شدند يك گياه از نوع صنوبر را كه داخل ريه يك مرد رشد كرده بود، از ريه وي بيرون بياورند.

اين مرد جوان به دليل داشتن درد فراوان در ناحيه سينه‌ام، به پزشك مراجعه كرده و آن‌ها با گرفتن عكس از ريه‌هايم متوجه يك توده در آن شدند، علاوه بر اين من خون بالا مي‌آوردم.

دکتر ولاديمير كاماچوف  ( پزشك  جراح اين پسر جوان )  خاطر نشان كرد : من سه بار عكس مورد نظر را بررسي و هر سه دفعه نيز اين توده را مشاهده ‌كردم. پس از آن ، اين مرد جوان را تحت عمل قرار داده و يك گياه كه بعدا مشخص شد از نوع صنوبر است، را از داخل ريه اين مرد بيرون آوردم.

وي گفت: به احتمال زياد دانه صنوبر هنگام تنفس، داخل بيني و سپس وارد ريه اين مرد شده و در داخل محيط مرطوب ريه رشد كرده است .

این گیاه صنوبر همراه با رشد خود موجب تخریب بافت ریه و سیستم مویرگی ظریف اطراف آن شده بود .

دکتر كاماچوف می گوید : گرچه تشخیص اشتباه ما موجب از دست رفتن یک  ریه این مرد شده است اما واقعا در هنگام بررسی غیر قابل تشخیص بود که این یک توده سرطانی نیست .

براستی آیا پزشکی در جهان پیدا می شود که با توجه به علائم بالینی و دیدن عکس های ریه یک فرد تشخیص رشد یک صنوبر را در محیط ریه برای او بدهد ؟!

Quiz-50 Questions with Answers

  • What is the most common Element on Earth  ? Hydrogen
  • How Long Does it take for light from the moon to reach the Earth ? 1.26 sec
  • How many miles high is Mount Everest ? 8.846 Miles
  • Which Ocean goes to the deepest depths ? Pacific Ocean
  • Which Bear grows larger Brown Grizzly or Polar ? Polar Bear is twice the Size
  • What is 4ft 8inches in Metres ? 1.42 Metres
  • What does HTML stand for ? Hyper Text Mark up Language
  • If I take 2 apples out of a basket containing 6 apples how many apples do I have ? 2
  • A woman has 5 Potatoes to feed 3 children how can she give them equal portions without fractions ? Mashed Potatoes
  • It occurs Once in a minute Twice in a week and once in a year what is it ? The letter e
  • Which is the odd word out queen, king, pawn, bishop, cardinal, castle, ? Cardinal all the rest are Pieces in Chess
  • Which of these word anagrams is not a tree prujien , hrbci , cusrep, nettschcu, etentl , ilowwl, ? nettle — the others are juniper, birch, spruce , chestnut, willow,
  • What date comes 22 days after June 19th ? July 11th

ورزش چه تاثیری بر دستگاه گردش خون انسان دارد ؟

تأثیرات ورزش بر دستگاه گردش خون :
عضله ی قلب به علت نیاز شدید به اکسیژن و مواد غذایی سهم بیشتری از خون دریافت می کند . مقدار خونی که توسط قلب پمپاژ می شود توسط مقدار خونی که از سیاهرگ ها وارد دهلیز راست می شود تعیین می شود به این اصل قانون قلب می گویند .
قدرت پمپاژ قلب با تحریک اعصاب سمپاتیک و افزایش برون ده قلبی در هنگام ورزش افزایش می یابد.
به عبارتی در هنگام ورزش ۲ حالت زير ممكن است ايجاد شود :

ويژگي هاي قلب :

سيكل قلبي يا يك مرحله ي كامل انقباض و انبساط قلب در سه مرحله روي مي دهد :

تأثير ورزش بر فشار سيستولي بيش از فشار دياستولي است . ۱- ( بر اساس قانون قلب ) خودتطبيقي قلب با خون زيادتر و افزايش قدرت پمپاژ ۲- تحريك اعصاب سمپاتيك به جاي اعصاب پاراسمپاتيك ۱- اتصال فيبرهاي عضلاني و انقباض همزمان آنها ۲- بالاتر بودن پتانسيل عمل ماهيچه ي قلبي به علت وجود فيبرهاي پوركنژ ۳- كنترل پاراسمپاتيك ۱) دياستازيس : استراحت كامل قلب ۲) سيستول : انقباض دهليز و بطن ۳) دياستول : انبساط دهليز و بطن

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دانستنیهای جالب

1. چشم‌هاي ما از بدو تولد همين اندازه بوده‌اند، اما رشد دماغ و گوش ما هيچ‌وقت متوقف نمي‌شوند .

2. در هرم خئوپوس در مصر که 2600 سال قبل از مبلاد ساخته شده است، به اندازه‌اي سنگ به کار رفته که مي‌توان با آن ديواري آجري به ارتفاع 50 سانتي‌متر دور دنيا ساخت .
3. اگرتمام رگ‌هاي خوني را در يک خط بگذاريم، تقريبا 97000 کيلومتر مي‌شود .

4. وقتي مگس بر روي يک ميله فولادي مي‌نشيند، ميله فولادي به اندازه دو ميليونيم ميليمتر خم مي‌شود.

5. آمريکا تا 50 ميليون سال ديگر دو نيم خواهد شد .

6. عدد 2520 را مي‌توان بر اعداد 1 تا 10 تقسيم نمود، بدون آن‌که خارج قسمت کسري داشته باشد.

7. 30 برابر مردمي که امروزه بر سطح زمين زندگي مي‌کنند، در زير خاک مدفون شده‌اند .

8. تنها حيواني که نمي‌تواند شنا کند، شتر است .

9. شيشه در ظاهر جامد به نظر مي‌رسد ولي در واقع مايعي است که بسيار کند حرکت مي‌کند.

10. در هر ثانيه بيش از 5000 بيليون بيليون الکترون به صفحه تلويزيون برخورد مي‌کند و تصويري را که شما تماشا مي‌کنيد، بوجود مي‌آورد .

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