Category Archives: Psychological

Posts related to Psychology.

Why are women oppressed in Islamic countries?

There is little point in discussing how well or badly so called ‘Islamic countries’ are living up to the teachings of Islam, or why. First it is necessary to clear up misunderstandings of what those teachings are.
Women are equal to men in the sight of God but they have in some respects different roles in life to men because of their different natures.
They differ psychologically, physiologically, and biologically from men. This makes them more suitable than men for certain responsibilities and less suitable than men for others.
Islam recognises these differences.
Oppression of women is the result of removing their rights. Islam gives men & women rights that are different in some aspects to those they have in the western world. The principle difference in the way these rights came about is also important. In the West rights became part of the law only after women had been through great political struggles and also partly due to the necessity of women working in factories during wars. It is possible that this will be reversed in the future. In Islam, rights were given ‘out of the blue’ by God through revelation. They cannot be reversed by anyone’s decision. Most Muslims recognise the purity and validity of the Qur’anic laws even if they are not following them, but it may be necessary to struggle for a return to them from time to time. It is quite commonly agreed that all things in life which are worthwhile require some struggle.
There is considerable overlap of rights that now exist in the Western world and those which Muslim women have always had (at least in principle if not in practice).

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The Journey Starts!

By Daiyar Chiinggisi

We were warmly welcomed after landing on Chiinggis Khan International Airport at 9pm (local time) on Thursday. As we came out of the airport, before fully breathing the fresh air of Ulaanbaatur, Mongol friends of Tsahim Urutuu was there with bouquets of flower. The crew of NTV (of Mongolia) flashed the light asking “Welcome to Mongolia, the Hazara Mongols, How do you feel?”. “Exciting and overwhelmed to be in our ancestral land, feeling myself as part of a history-in-making” the first sentence I had for the camera. After a short interview outside the airport lounge, the Mongol friends took us to our dormitory at the National University of Mongolia, downtown Ulaanbaatur.

The next day we went to Sukhbataar Square, the Zero Point of Mongolia, the historic place near the Parliament of Mongolia. We paid a visit to the giant statue of the Great Khan, in front of the National Assembly.

Parliament of Mongolia, Sukhbataar Square, Ulaanbaatur. The giant statue of the Great Khan is built at the gate of the Assembly. (Photo by Daiyar)

Parliament of Mongolia, Sukhbataar Square, Ulaanbaatur. The giant statue of the Great Khan is built at the gate of the Assembly. (Photo by Daiyar)


It was incredible. Everyone was interested to talk to us. The news of our arrival in Mongolia had gone on-air at night. Our faces were known. On the way while walking to the University for our first class of Mongolian Language, a young boy ran towards us saying “are you the Hazara students”. “Yes”, I said. His exciting face expression seemed as if he has found anything precious. He introduced himself saying he had watched us on TV and was keen to see us. “Please your email address?” he asked and hoped to meet us soon.

First day of the Mongolian class at the University was memorable. Every teacher knew us “the Hazara Mongols”. Our class fellows are mostly Koreans, Chinese and Westerners. While learning the Mongolian alphabets on the first day, the sounds seemed familiar to us. It was normal for me when the teacher said, “your pronunciation is good”. The basic similarities of Hazaragi and Mongolia make it so.

On Saturday, second day of our arrival, we went to the countryside. It’s said the real beauty of Mongolia is in the countryside. Taking about an hour of drive, we reached the resort of Mongolian Airlines. As we moved out of Ulaanbaatur, the green mountains and beautiful landscapes were just amazing.

That day will remain as one of the happiest ones in my life. We had the most delicious Mongol food in a traditional “ger”, followed by a drink party and traditional Mongol song by a local singer. I was asked to sing a Hazaragi song. I had no choice but the “Mughul Dukhter (Mongol Girl)…Biya Nazuk Mughul e Ma”.

Outing to the countryside.

Outing to the countryside.


In the party, we met a Mongol linguist. He interviewed us on Hazaragi. He could not believe it, when knew that back-lower shoulder is called “Dalu” in Hazaragi, which is the exact same in Mongolian. He noted down many words which were the exact same in Hazaragi and Mongolian. Even more was interesting when he asked us some technical questions. For instance, to make plural some nouns he had asked us. He said the grammar rule of pluralizing in Hazaragi is similar with Mongolian. He invited us to come to his linguistic class at the Education University of Mongolia next week and talk to students researching Mongolian.

The weather is fine nowadays, sunny and cool. Generally it’s harshly cold in winter in Mongolia. The temperature goes to -35. Unlike many other foreigners (though I don’t like to use this word for us in Mongolia, because we are treated as domestic Mongols), we are okay with food here. Mongols take heavy meal, mostly meat all the time!

I had not expected at all such a warm attitude from our Mongol ethnic fellows. I feel proud to be in our ancestral land.

Study skills – Flexible reading

Becoming a Flexible Reader

To become a flexible reader, you need to know how to select and use a reading style that is consistent with your purpose for reading. There are three important reading styles you should learn to use. Each has its own purpose. Knowing when and how to use these three reading styles will make you a flexible reader. Read to learn about the three reading styles used by flexible readers.

Study Reading is the reading style used by flexible readers when their purpose is to read difficult material at a high level of comprehension. When using the Study Reading style, you should read at a rate that is slower than your normal reading rate. Further, as you read you must challenge yourself to understand the material. Study Reading will often require you to read material more than once to achieve a high level of comprehension. Sometimes, reading the material aloud will also help you improve your comprehension.

Skimming is the reading style used by flexible readers when their purpose is to quickly obtain a general idea about the reading material. The Skimming style is most useful when you have to read a large amount of material in a short amount of time. When using the Skimming style, you should identify the main ideas in each paragraph and ignore the details in supportive sentences. Because you are only looking for the main idea in each paragraph you read, a lower level of comprehension is to be expected than when using the Study Reading style.
Becoming a Flexible Reader, Scanning

Scanning is the reading style used by flexible readers when their purpose is to quickly locate a specific piece of information within reading material. The piece of information to be located may be contained in a list of names, words, numbers, short statements, and sometimes even in a paragraph. Since you know exactly what you are looking for, move your eyes quickly over the reading material until you locate the specific piece of information you need to find.

Before you begin your next reading assignment, identify your purpose for reading. Decide if you are reading for a high level of comprehension, trying to get a general idea about what you are reading, or looking for specific information. Then use the reading style that is appropriate for your reading purpose.

Amazing facts, Do you know these?

Do you know these facts?
1. If you are right handed, you will tend to chew your food on your right side. If you are left handed, you will tend to chew your food on your left side.
2. If you stop getting thirsty, you need to drink more water. For when a human body is dehydrated, its thirst mechanism shuts off.
3. Chewing gum while peeling onions will keep you from crying.
4. Your tongue is germ free only if it is pink. If it is white there is a thin film of bacteria on it.
5. The Mercedes-Benz motto is ‘Das Beste oder Nichts’ meaning ‘the best or nothing’.
6. The Titanic was the first ship to use the SOS signal.
7. The pupil of the eye expands as much as 45 percent when a person looks at something pleasing.
8. The average person who stops smoking requires one hour less sleep at night.
9. Laughing lower levels of stress hormones and strengthen the immune system. Six-year-olds laugh an average of 300 times a day. Adults only laugh 15 to 100 times a day.
10. The roar that we hear when we place a seashell next to our ear is not the ocean, but rather the sound of blood surging through the veins in the ear.
11. Dalmatians are born without spots.
12. Bats always turn left when exiting a cave.
13. The ‘v’ in the name of a court case does not stand for ‘versus’, but for ‘and’ (in civil proceedings) or ‘against’ (in criminal proceedings).
14. Men’s shirts have the buttons on the right, but women’s shirts have the buttons on the left.
15. The owl is the only bird to drop its upper eyelid to wink. All other birds raise their lower eyelids.
16. The reason honey is so easy to digest is that it’s already been digested by a bee.
17. Roosters cannot crow if they cannot extend their necks.
18. The color blue has a calming effect. It causes the brain to release calming hormones.
19. Every time you sneeze some of your brain cells die.
20. Your left lung is smaller than your right lung to make room for your heart.
21. The verb “cleave” is the only English word with two synonyms which are antonyms of each other: adhere and separate.
22. When you blush, the lining of your stomach also turns red.
23. When hippos are upset, their sweat turns red.
24. The first Harley Davidson motorcycle was built in 1903, and used a tomato can for a carburetor.
25. The lion that roars in the MGM logo is named Volney.
26. Google is actually the common name for a number with a million zeros.
27. Switching letters is called spoonerism. For example, saying jag of Flapan, instead of flag of Japan.
28. It cost 7 million dollars to build the Titanic and 200 million to make a film about it.
29. The attachment of the human skin to muscles is what causes dimples
30. There are 1,792 steps to the top of the Eiffel Tower.
31. The sound you hear when you crack your knuckles is actually the sound of nitrogen gas bubbles bursting.
32. Human hair and fingernails continue to grow after death.
33. It takes about 20 seconds for a red blood cell to circle the whole body.
34. The plastic things on the end of shoelaces are called aglets.
35. Most soccer players run 7 miles in a game.
36. The only part of the body that has no blood supply is the cornea in the eye. It takes in oxygen directly from the air.
37. Every day 200 million couples make love, 400,000 babies are born, and 140,000 people die.
38. In most watch advertisements the time displayed on the watch is 10:10 because then the arms frame the brand of the watch (and make it look like it is smiling).
39. Colgate faced big obstacle marketing toothpaste in Spanish speaking countries. Colgate translates into the command “go hang yourself.”
40. The only 2 animals that can see behind themselves without turning its head are the rabbit and the parrot.
41. Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair.
42. The average person laughs 13 times a day.
43. Do you know the names of the three wise monkeys? They are: Mizaru (See no evil), Mikazaru (Hear no evil), and Mazaru (Speak no evil).
44. Women blink nearly twice as much as men.
45. German Shepherds bite humans more than any other breed of dog.
46. Large kangaroos cover more than 30 feet with each jump.
47. Whip makes a cracking sound because its tip moves faster than the speed of sound.
48. Two animal rights protesters were protesting at the cruelty of sending pigs to a slaughterhouse in Bonn. Suddenly the pigs, all two thousand of them, escaped through a broken fence and stampeded, trampling the two hapless protesters to death.
49. If a statue in the park of a person on a horse has both front legs in the air, the person died in battle; if the horse has one front leg in the air, the person died as a result of wounds received in battle; if the horse has all four legs on the ground, the person died of natural cause.
The human heart creates enough pressure while pumping to squirt blood 30 feet

دانستنیهای جالب

1. چشم‌هاي ما از بدو تولد همين اندازه بوده‌اند، اما رشد دماغ و گوش ما هيچ‌وقت متوقف نمي‌شوند .

2. در هرم خئوپوس در مصر که 2600 سال قبل از مبلاد ساخته شده است، به اندازه‌اي سنگ به کار رفته که مي‌توان با آن ديواري آجري به ارتفاع 50 سانتي‌متر دور دنيا ساخت .
3. اگرتمام رگ‌هاي خوني را در يک خط بگذاريم، تقريبا 97000 کيلومتر مي‌شود .

4. وقتي مگس بر روي يک ميله فولادي مي‌نشيند، ميله فولادي به اندازه دو ميليونيم ميليمتر خم مي‌شود.

5. آمريکا تا 50 ميليون سال ديگر دو نيم خواهد شد .

6. عدد 2520 را مي‌توان بر اعداد 1 تا 10 تقسيم نمود، بدون آن‌که خارج قسمت کسري داشته باشد.

7. 30 برابر مردمي که امروزه بر سطح زمين زندگي مي‌کنند، در زير خاک مدفون شده‌اند .

8. تنها حيواني که نمي‌تواند شنا کند، شتر است .

9. شيشه در ظاهر جامد به نظر مي‌رسد ولي در واقع مايعي است که بسيار کند حرکت مي‌کند.

10. در هر ثانيه بيش از 5000 بيليون بيليون الکترون به صفحه تلويزيون برخورد مي‌کند و تصويري را که شما تماشا مي‌کنيد، بوجود مي‌آورد .

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